Proper Disposal of Batteries and Electronics > Mercury Poisoning | Health Hazards of CFL’s and LED’s

A week ago I had a conversation with a few people at an art gallery, triggered through the woman’s art, which portrayed all of these different fungi, lichens and ferns. I wouldn’t have noticed this on her paintings at first, had another woman not pointed these out, because of her familiarity with these types of species. A guy there, engineer I believe, mentioned that we all talk about the dangers of a warming earth, but what concerns him more is the improper disposal of batteries (of which the modern world has a prodigious amount) which contain mercury. He’s more worried about heavy metals. Mercury leaking into soil and water is not a good thing. If the mercury in batteries and metals in electronic devices are not recycled or disposed of properly, these heavy metals can leak into soil and water. Here are some fact sheets about mercury.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs361/en/

He delivered this information which I absolutely had no clue about, that the fairly recent countrywide switchover (in the USA) from the standard incandescent bulbs 60, 75 and 100 watt light bulbs to (CFL) compact fluorescent light and (LED) light-emitting diode, is of much more concern, because they emit radiation and contain mercury. Turns out that the former standard was of low cost, safe to make, inexpensive to produce and safe if they break (except for broken glass). Turns out the new (longer lasting) low energy bulbs are more expensive, and potentially harmful.

Someone – a handful of companies – have made a lot of money, as the entire country stopped the production of the former, removing them from the market entirely, as if they were toxic, to replace them with the twisty/coiled ‘lower energy’ bulbs – CFL’s – that actually are toxic. They are said to potentially emit higher levels of radiation.

Energy blog National Geographic Health Concerns with Light

Energy blog National Geographic Health Concerns with Light

“As it turns out, all fluorescent light bulbs contain mercury vapor, which emits a lot of UV rays when hit with an electric current.” This article by NPR discusses it.

This gentleman said that “If one were to break in your home, you should immediately get out of that room so as not to inhale the fumes, and be careful of how you dispose of them; they are too toxic to put in normal trash.

How did this happen, without anyone having a clue of their repercussions? What kind of marketing and government subsidies did this manufacturer(s) receive? There seem to not be many. Wait a moment. Frankly, I just want to get this post out there for you, the reader, to be aware and to investigate for yourself how much you want to use this type of lighting.

National Geographic has an informative article “Separating Myth From Fact on CFL and LED Light Bulbs: Five Concerns Addressed

More importantly, go through the effort when discarding old batteries, bulbs or electronic devices, to go to a recycling center near you that will dispose of these materials properly, rather than just throwing it in the trash.

I need to post, and leave mistakes until i have internet access to edit! Sorry, limited time presently! I’m teaching skiing at https://skisantafe.com and it’s spring break, crowded!

We Do Have the Means | Living Harmoniously with the Planet | Salt-water Powered Cars

Collective Evolution’s article on salt-water generated fuel.

“It works just like a hydrogen fuel cell except that the liquid used for storing energy is saltwater.”

nanoFlowCell, SaltWater fuel conversion

nanoFlowCell SaltWater fuel conversion

“In this case the liquid (saltwater) passes through a membrane in between the two tanks, creating an electric charge. This electricity is then stored and distributed by super capacitors. The four electric motors in the car are fed electricity which makes it run. The car carries the water in two 200-litre tanks, which in one sitting will allow drivers to travel up to 373 miles (600km).

We’ve got major plans, and not just within the automobile industry. The potential of the NanoFlowcell technology and its applications is much greater, especially in terms of domestic energy supplies as well as in maritime, rail and aviation technology.

All cars should be required to be made from this type, or other similar types of clean green energy.

Scientists at the U.S Naval Research Laboratory have developed a technology to recover carbon dioxide and hydrogen from seawater and convert it into a liquid hydrocarbon fuel. This could be a tremendous breakthrough and eliminate the need for old ways of generating fuel.”

Golly gee, if the U.S. Navy can break-up from their addiction to fossil fuels, so can all of us!

U.S. Navy produces fuel from Seawater

U.S. Navy produces fuel from Seawater

Navy’s new fuel process: Extracting carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) from seawater to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuel.

Why did they bother investigating this? Because “in Fiscal year 2011, the U.S. Navy Military Sea Lift Command, the primary supplier of fuel and oil to the U.S. Navy fleet, delivered nearly 600 million gallons of fuel to Navy vessels underway, operating 15 fleet replenishment oilers around the globe.”

“A catalytic converter extracts carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water and converts the gases into liquid hydrocarbons at a 92 percent efficiency rate, and the resulting fuel can be used in ships’ existing engines.”

carbon capture skid, NRL, Navy Research Laboratory

carbon capture skid at (NRL) Navy Research Laboratory

 

 

Research chemist, Heather D. Willhauer, NRL

Research chemist Heather D. Willhauer NRL

“It’s remarkable how Barack Obama has constantly pointed out that we will be using oil, gas and coal for the next twenty years, and that we don’t have the technology to lift our dependence off of these resources.

 

Those who are looking into it can clearly see that this simply isn’t true. We have the means to live in ways that are more harmonious with the planet and all beings on it.” Not to mention, a plethora of jobs can be created to implement this at all levels.

Calling: all workers in the industries of coal, mining, petroleum… > there are other income opportunities out there!

Yes, We Can, well that is, Yes, the U.S. Navy CAN covert seawater to fuel.

We need to pull away from coal, petroleum and all other dirty, non-renewable processes and invest our insights, energies and integrity into supporting clean, renewable energies.

“It’s just another example of the many ways of generating energy that are now available that could end our dependence on fossil fuels. These new, clean green ways of generating energy have been around for decades, so why are we always talking about them without ever implementing them?”

It just so happens that those with undivided interest and ownership in coal and fossil fuel as well as their dirty derivative industries are anonymously pouring huge amounts of money into disinformation campaigns regarding Global Warming and its main culprits. This article from the Guardian talks about the secretive donors who gave US climate denial groups $125m over three years.

the Earth is not Responsible for Global Warming

The Earth is not Responsible for Global Warming – Earth has no barcode

Thomas Berry, Dreamer of the Earth: The Spiritual Ecology co-author of “The Universe Story” writes, “The natural world itself is the primary economic reality, the primary educator, the primary governance, the primary technologist, the primary healer, the primary presence of the sacred, the primary moral value“.

It is in the best interest of all – humans and all other life forms on Earth. And for financial reasons, companies and individuals who have divested their stocks and bonds in fossil fuel companies have outperformed…

This article from the Guardian points out that the real danger is not the kayaktivists, but Shell.

Why is this important? Because the beautiful and fantastic display of the diversity of life that have taken millions of years to evolve to their unique spectacular natures, is what ROCKS about our planet Earth: Living together intimately and harmoniously with the diversity of the entire biosphere is the reason and the beauty of this planet. No other reason, except for the fact that we are all related and interdependent and of this earth. Our heaven is right here on earth. It is the Earth and its myriad of life – the biosphere and the geosphere – that is sacred and needs our protection.

What can you do? There is plenty that you can do, right now! The Ecological Buddhism website offers you a whole gamut of solutions in every arena; with guidance regarding Renewable Energy, Sustainable Economy, Deep Ecology & Ecopsychology, Energy Efficiency, Activism, Behavior & Communication and the Game Changers!

The National Wildlife Federation can help to guide you, advocating about Clean Energy and Climate Solutions.

National Wildlife Federation What We Do Get out of Dirty Energy

“Whether it be Solar, Free Energy (zero-point), Converting Seawater, {Wind, or Wave technology}, it’s clear we can do better than we are doing now.”

Do it! – divest in dirty and invest in clean & renewable – for your kids and for all other creatures with whom we share our planet Earth.

Why bother? As the authors of “Ecobuddhism and the wisdom of the psyche – The Universe Story” unveil. “We are a communion of subjects, not a collection of objects”. Here are some excerpts from the “The Universe Story” of Brian Swimme and Thomas Berry.

“That our western civilization should be the principal cause of such extensive damage to the planet is so difficult a truth for us to absorb that our society in general is presently in a state of shock and denial, or disbelief…Our western addiction to commercial-industrial progress as our basic referent for reality and value, is becoming an all-pervasive attitude throughout the various peoples and cultures of the Earth.”

Not a neural toxin, but an attitude and understanding deficiency!

“Efforts to present the full reality of the situation are being met generally with intense opposition, an opposition due to the subservience of our religious, educational and professional establishments to our industrial culture….the Ecozoic Era requires a comprehensive human consensus away from what we’ve been brainwashed into beholding as true; i.e. Manufactured Consent – The Political Economy of the Mass Media – a non-fiction book written by by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky in 1988

¡ Reiterating! The authors of “The Universe Story” state that “The natural world itself is the primary economic reality, the primary educator, the primary governance, the primary technologist, the primary healer, the primary presence of the sacred, the primary moral value.”

Ecotherapy: Healing Ourselves, Healing the Earth.

The most dangerous animal.

The most dangerous animal, by its side a Great White shark swims peacefully.

Elon Musk | Tesla Energy’s Powerwall | Energy Sustainability Worldwide

This is a relatively short video of Elon Musk introducing Tesla Energy’s Powerwall, a solution to the world’s need to transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy from our sun – sustainability which can be achieved through his design of the Powerwall battery storage units.

Elon Musk,Tesla Energy, Powerwall,renewable energy

Elon Musk presenting Tesla Energy’s Powerwall – solution to transitioning to renewable energy globally

Elon Musk (founder of PayPal) presents his new company – Tesla Energy’s – solution to transitioning the world to sustainable energy and completely alleviating our reliance on fossil fuels, thus reducing our cataclysmic exponential rise of CO2 levels, to zero.

Up to this point, the world has predominantly been relying on very dirty sources of acquiring energy; harmful to our environment, air, water and to all creatures.

Elon Musk, CO2, Concentration, Atmosphere

Elon Musk presentation Growth in CO2 Concentration in the Atmosphere


What is needed is to transition the world to sustainable energy.

Musk explains that the grid in most countries is powered in this way, from the most to the least utilized:
Coal
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Hydro
Wind
Solar

Every year the Growth of CO2 Concentration in the Atmosphere exponentially rises. There is no question that we need to collectively make a transition to renewable clean energy.

“Is it something that humanity can do?” Elon asks. “Or is it an impossible or insurmountable task?” It is not!

The Solution – Part I: this handy fusion reactor in the sky, producing ridiculous amounts of power, our Sun.

Very little land is needed to harness the sun’s energy to rid us of fossil fuel dependence. Most of this can be achieved by utilizing rooftops on existing homes and buildings.

The Problem – Part I:

The biggest obstacle, the sun doesn’t shine at night, in addition to the fact that the energy generation is variable.

The Problem – Part II:

The missing piece to a sustainable energy world is the battery needed to hold the sun’s power. > The existing batteries are not good; they are expensive, unreliable, poor lifetime, integration, low efficiency, not scalable, unattractive.

Yet, the size of the batteries needed for use in order to relieve our dependence on fossil fuels, is not at all large, it’s quite small in fact.

The Solution – Part II:

The Renewable Grid: The Tesla ‘Powerwall’

Elon Musk, Renewable Grid

Elon Musk presentation Renewable Grid

It is wall mounted, on the garage or outside wall of the house; including DC converter, addressing all of the needs.
You can go off-grid. Take solar panels and charge the battery packs, and that’s all you use.
$3,500 dollars – you can stack them together.
It is a solution for people in remote parts of the world where electricity is difficult to come by or too expensive.
It is scalable, from home, to public institution, to cities…globally.

Tesla’s first product for the home market is the Powerwall.

He as well introduces the ‘Powerpack’ – which offers the same energy storage solution at an industrial level. Musk goes on to reveal the factory that is a large machine which will create these, which Tesla can not do alone. Tesla Energy will open-source the information so that factories can be built all over the world by other parties.

To make this transition:

• In the United States, this can be achieved with 160 Million Powerpacks
• With 900 Million Powerpacks, we could transition the world; making all electricity generation renewable, primarily through solar.
• 2 Billion Powerpacks would be needed to transition all transportation, electricity generation and heating to renewable energy. He ads that to imagine the number of 2 B, we have approximately 2 billion cars and trucks on the road today.

CO2 emission we Could have

the CO2 curve we Could Have – rolling over to zero emissions

Genomes: Unlocking Life’s Code | Natural History | SI Minerals and Gems

In the summer of 2014 I visited the Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C. All of the museums within the Smithsonian complex in D.C. are free by the way. The Genome exhibit is a traveling one. It left San Diego’s Reuben H. Fleet Science Center January 4th and is currently in San Jose, California, moving to various destinations around the country.

Here are a few words as a mini refresher course, to familiarize yourself with the difference between a gene and a genome…well, I can speak for myself. I needed to familiarize myself! 🙂

A gene is the basic unit of heredity with phenotypic effects on the body. A gene is a very small section or subset of a genome. A genome contains genes which are packaged in chromosomes. A chromosome may have thousands of genes. A gene consists of various codons, which sequence nucleotides, coding a protein. Every single codon codes an amino acid.

Many amino acids put together form a protein.

In most living things, the genome is made of a chemical called DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, which is the molecule that encodes the instructions for life. A gene is a piece of DNA which codes the polypeptide chain. Every codon within a gene consists of a base-pair. A base-pair consists of the two opposite nucleotides on the double helix of DNA. The DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around each other like a twisted ladder. Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases–adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between the bases, with adenine forming a base pair with thymine, and cytosine forming a base pair with guanine.

DNA, adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

DNA composed of base-pairs: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

A genome contains all of the genetic material for building, running and maintaining an organism – the sum total of all of the genes present within the chromosomes of an individual species – within a single cell.

The genome is divided into chromosomes, chromosomes contain genes and genes are made of DNA.

Here’s a more sophisticated rendering of the structure of the double helix of DNA.

 

DNA, double helix

The structure of the DNA double helix

The Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990-2003 is a valuable source of information on the subject.

What continues to fascinate me, is what the exhibit demonstrates from the very start, comparisons of genome sizes among different organisms. It seems logical, that the more sophisticated the organism, the longer the genomes, right? Well, not so.

The Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code exhibit shows this promptly as you enter.

genome size, amoeba genome, barley genome, human genome

The Genome size of Amoeba is > than that of a grain of Barley which is > than that of a Human Genome

 

 

 

This graph below from the site link below illuminates the same information visually. (Looking at the actual numerical sizes within a graph further down the page of this link is more difficult to comprehend, because the numerical values are so small that they are like reading another language!) How Big are Genomes

Weizmann, genome size, organisms.

Weizmann graph illustrating the various sizes of genomes among different organisms.

It continues to surprise me!

These pictures capture the essence of the exhibit Genomes: Unlocking Life’s Code. This link to the left reveals a great deal of information about the subject.

Here’s more information presented by the National Human Genome Research Institute: All About The Human Genome Project (HGP)

You can view archives and depth about the subject Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code project presented through http://www.genome.gov/smithsonian/

I also visited a neighboring exhibit located in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum; the Eberly Minerals and Gems Gallery. Here are a few pictures.

All located within the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington D.C. – free to the public!! Right on!

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Obama’s State of the Union Address | A Noble and Inspirational Leader

Obama’s State of the Union Address

I thought it was a fantastic speech, full of hope and inspiration! Tears of gratitude poured down my face several times. What he chose to acknowledge and address for the future and his optimism, grace and noble nature reveal him as a true leader with a spiritual presence.

I sat and typed as I watched the speech, switching between Al Jazeera and CNN. You have to read between the lines and accept the fact that this is as edited as my notes are going to be. I’m sure a copy of the speech is available through various sites: Facebook and Twitter ‘the White House’.

Middle Class economics, instead of Trickle Down Economics.

…about America…
economy growing at fastest pace since 1999
unemployment rate lower than before financial crisis
more people graduating
as free from grip of foreign oil as we’ve been in 30 years
past 5 yrs businesses created more than 11 M new jobs
america is # one in oil and gas
america is # one in wind power

restore the link between hard working and making gains; for EVERYONE
childcare costs more than their mortgage or the cost of one year tuition at Michigan uni

the country gains when everyone plays by the same rules and everyone contributes to our success

Middle Class economics

• helping working families feel more secure in world of constant change
• when the economics forces both parents to work, we need to stop treating childcare as a woman’s issue; treat it as a national issue that is important for all of us – quality childcare, new tax cuts, $3,000/per child/per year
• we are the only advanced country that doesn’t guarantee paid six leave or childcare – helping states that gives every worker in America to earn 7 days paid sick leave
• Congress pass a law to guaranttee that a woman is paid the same as a man doing the same work
• to Congress: if you truly believe you can live and support a family on $15,000 a year, try it!
• need laws to strengthen rather than weaken a Union
• we need to do more to help Americans upgrade their skills
• in a 21C economy that rewards knowledge more than any before. too many people are priced out of higher education: lower the cost of community college to zero. Stay ahead of the curve; make community college available and universal. Connecting community colleges to connect with local business to train them; paid apprenticeships
• give every veteran access; translate their training and experience into civilian jobs
• Michele and Joe Biden helped in a program to get veterans jobs
• 21C businesses need 21stC infrastructure – create more than
• businesses need to sell more products overseas
• china wants to write the rules – trade promotion – trade deals from Asia to Europe that aren’t just fair. 95% of the world’s customers live outside our borders. We need to bring jobs back from china
• rely on american science, technology, research and development = precision medicine initiative to give us access to making headway
• protect a free and open internet, to build the fastest networks – wants Americans to win the race in creating the proestetics, solar system, astronauts to Mars Good luck Captain Kelly will live for a year in space. “Make sure to instagram it!”
• stop the loopholes, reward companies that keep the jobs here on this soil
• simplify the tax system
• stop allowing the top 1% – that truly helps working Americans to get the economy together
• give people the tools they need, to maintain the conditions for growth – make our economy stronger
• we can not separate our work at home from what’s happening beyond our shores
• how can America can lead in the world. look at the broader strategy to live in a safer Worl
• combine military power with strong diplomacy, don’t let our fears blind us. that’s what the terrorists want, to pay us in their hands

We stand united with people around the world – from schools in Pakistan

bankrupt ideology of violent extremism, opposing Russia’s aggression, supporting Ukraine, supporting NATO allies

America leads not with bluster but persistant steady resolve

Cuba’s isolation is long past it’s isolation date
when what what you’re doing doesn’t work for 50 years, it’s time to try something new
• stand up for democratic values; ending the embargo

• as his holiness Pope Francis; diplomacy is the work of small steps

• he will veto any sanctions
• only go to war as a last result
• no hacker should be able to steal trade secrets
• the world needs to use this lesson; invest in smart development, eradicate extreme poverty, learn how to avoid a global pandemic
• no challenge poses a greater threat to future generations than climate change – 2014 was the planet’s warmest on record, 14 of the 15 warmest years have been
• NASA NOA the best scientists in the world are telling us our activities are changing the planet; massive destructions, posing immediate risks to our national security “we should act like it”
• more public lands have been contributed in the last years
• American leadership must drive international action. The world needs to reach an agreement to protect the one last planet we have.
• As American’s we respect human dignity; technology such as drones must be properly restrained, speak out against antisemitism, stop approaching Muslim’s with fear, cut populations in prisons
• we do these things because they are not only the right thing to do, but because ultimately they will make us safer
• increase more transparency; keep country safe while strengthening privacy
build coalitions to build
• lead with our values; that’s what keeps us strong – hold ourselves to the highest of standards
• United States of America in a nation that gave someone like me a chance; Chicago microcosm of country
• Division itself is misguided: I still believe that we can work together. American’s beat back adversity. He knows the good hearted, generosity and optimism of the American people
• to Congress he said: “set a better example, better reflect America’s hopes. There are a lot of good people on both sides of the isle.
• !!! Imagine if we broke out of these tired old patterns and appeal to each others’ basic decency instead of fears!!!! (wow!)
• talk issues, values, facts …. a better politics instead of drowning people in dark ads, but asking young people to join in the mission of building america

• to Congress: Let’s make the debates worthy of this country,

*reform America’s criminal justice system so that it protects and serves all of us

•rebuild trust. that’s how we move this country forward. I have no more campaigns to run “i know because i won both of them” (excellent comment!). My only agenda for the next two years, is to do what i believe is best for America.

• I want this chamber to reflect the truth; people with strength and generosity of spirit to unite, actions to tell every child in every neighborhood that your life matters

•We see our differences as a great gift. Everybody matters, grow up in a country that shows the world everything that we know to be true. We are more than a collection of red states and blues states. I want people to grow up in a country where a young mom can write a letter to the president.

We are a strong tightknit family who has made it through some hard times. Picked ourselves up, dusted ourselves off, and laid a foundation.

Hershey Antique Auto Show 2012 October 10th – 14th | Early Magnetic Technology Applications

Hand-cranked magneto generators are electric generators that use permanent magnets to produce periodic pulses of alternating current.

I happened to attend the first hours of the first day of the Antique Auto Show in Hershey, PA, having randomly heard some people speaking English with an obvious German accent the evening prior, which beckoned me to approach them. The pair are from Bern, Switzerland, colleagues here to attend the auto show. Ironically, they ran into someone from a town within 30 km. of their home town, 5,000 miles away there at the show. The one also spoke with a few Canadian men speaking French from Montreal. Quite an international crowd, not surprising considering it’s the largest auto show of its kind in the world.

I was delighted that I could converse with the two of them in German, and also help to translate here and there when it was needed. The Swiss German dialect is a more staccato & tonal version of HochDeutsch “High German”, and though I’m sure that they could obscure what they wished to say if they had the intent, it is parallel enough that I was able to understand and converse.

I appreciate all sorts of luxuriously simple designs, and naturally took pictures. I’ve learned a bit as well. As usual, I’m drawn to things of an electrical and magnetic nature, since having done my blog on plasma cosmology, which fascinates me.

I found myself curious about these objects, which I subsequently learned are magnetos, electrical generators that use permanent magnets to produce periodic pulses of alternating current. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magneto Hand-cranked magneto generators were used to provide the ringing current in early telephone systems.

Magnetos were adapted to produce pulses of high voltage, used in the ignition systems of some gasoline-powered internal combustion engines to provide power to the spark plugs. As this wiki link about the magneto reveals; the “Production of electric current from a moving magnetic field was demonstrated by Faraday in 1831.”

Hey, this is all new to me, as a curious by-stander!

Though this isn’t car related, check out the earliest sound recording devices, these cylinders actually contain tunes!

I’ve learned through viewing a few websites in my research that the first sound recording devise was invented by Thomas Edison.

Here’s a link regarding the history of recorded music, with all the insights and information about inventors over the period from 1877 to the present. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/51727

Emile Berliner was an early developer and inventor of audio technology including the Gramophone (sound recorder). He was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks.

Here’s an older version of the LP, the flat disk of a gramophone.

Emile Berliner an inventor of audio technology including the Gramophone (sound recorder). He was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks.

And the multitude of car parts and lovely early automobiles are in the following images.

as well as here

https://www.dropbox.com/sh/czv0qi75suyg8j4/-9ygEnCtHu