Genomes: Unlocking Life’s Code | Natural History | SI Minerals and Gems

In the summer of 2014 I visited the Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C. All of the museums within the Smithsonian complex in D.C. are free by the way. The Genome exhibit is a traveling one. It left San Diego’s Reuben H. Fleet Science Center January 4th and is currently in San Jose, California, moving to various destinations around the country.

Here are a few words as a mini refresher course, to familiarize yourself with the difference between a gene and a genome…well, I can speak for myself. I needed to familiarize myself! 🙂

A gene is the basic unit of heredity with phenotypic effects on the body. A gene is a very small section or subset of a genome. A genome contains genes which are packaged in chromosomes. A chromosome may have thousands of genes. A gene consists of various codons, which sequence nucleotides, coding a protein. Every single codon codes an amino acid.

Many amino acids put together form a protein.

In most living things, the genome is made of a chemical called DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, which is the molecule that encodes the instructions for life. A gene is a piece of DNA which codes the polypeptide chain. Every codon within a gene consists of a base-pair. A base-pair consists of the two opposite nucleotides on the double helix of DNA. The DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around each other like a twisted ladder. Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases–adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between the bases, with adenine forming a base pair with thymine, and cytosine forming a base pair with guanine.

DNA, adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

DNA composed of base-pairs: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

A genome contains all of the genetic material for building, running and maintaining an organism – the sum total of all of the genes present within the chromosomes of an individual species – within a single cell.

The genome is divided into chromosomes, chromosomes contain genes and genes are made of DNA.

Here’s a more sophisticated rendering of the structure of the double helix of DNA.

 

DNA, double helix

The structure of the DNA double helix

The Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990-2003 is a valuable source of information on the subject.

What continues to fascinate me, is what the exhibit demonstrates from the very start, comparisons of genome sizes among different organisms. It seems logical, that the more sophisticated the organism, the longer the genomes, right? Well, not so.

The Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code exhibit shows this promptly as you enter.

genome size, amoeba genome, barley genome, human genome

The Genome size of Amoeba is > than that of a grain of Barley which is > than that of a Human Genome

 

 

 

This graph below from the site link below illuminates the same information visually. (Looking at the actual numerical sizes within a graph further down the page of this link is more difficult to comprehend, because the numerical values are so small that they are like reading another language!) How Big are Genomes

Weizmann, genome size, organisms.

Weizmann graph illustrating the various sizes of genomes among different organisms.

It continues to surprise me!

These pictures capture the essence of the exhibit Genomes: Unlocking Life’s Code. This link to the left reveals a great deal of information about the subject.

Here’s more information presented by the National Human Genome Research Institute: All About The Human Genome Project (HGP)

You can view archives and depth about the subject Genome: Unlocking Life’s Code project presented through http://www.genome.gov/smithsonian/

I also visited a neighboring exhibit located in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum; the Eberly Minerals and Gems Gallery. Here are a few pictures.

All located within the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington D.C. – free to the public!! Right on!

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

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Addendum to Journey in Space & Time Ignited by Matters of Heart | Epigenetics | HeartMath

John Lennon, fear, love

John Lennon: Fear and Love
“There are two basic motivating forces: fear and love.

A few weeks ago, my attention was directed to an article talking about epigenetics. Scientific research reveals that in addition to genetic memory – recorded in the DNA and passed from one generation to the next – experiences of an emotional nature which take place within an individual’s life, can also become imprinted and routed to affect later generations. Not just the next generation, but subsequent offspring exhibit the same response to stimuli, not learned from parents. It appears that a person’s perceived positive or negative experiences affect subsequent generations; the offspring genetically inherit the fallout of that ancestor’s experience.

Though epigenetic information does not alter the genetic (DNA) code itself, it does modify the activation of certain genes. This occurs through chemical processes – such as methyl groups which attach to genes and reside beside and separate from the DNA code – hence the name epigenetic (Greek prefix pi meaning over, outer or above). “The methyl group works like a placeholder in a cookbook, attaching to the DNA within each cell to select only those recipes — i.e. genes — necessary for that particular cell’s proteins.”

Reading this instigated me to look back at a blog I’d written in January of 2010, regarding a hitchabout trip I took while living in Germany. https://digesthis.wordpress.com/2010/01/11/hitch-a-bout-ventures-a-journey-in-space-and-time/ During this journey, the themes of neurology and Native American spirituality recurred repeatedly. It compelled me to write about the experience and theorize about how synchronistic incidences can happen, at all. What is it about our brains in time and space, that could allow for events to take place simultaneously, at large distances? Our current definitions make it impossible.

I recalled the words within a video on this blog “The White Road – Visions of the Indigenous People of the Americas“. “The indigenous people are certain that not only is all past information of the universe stored in our bodies, but that we are constantly provided with new information from the Cosmos.”

I read further along the arduous path of my blog :-o) in which I described that our awareness consists of a simultaneous system of electrical connections, traveling back and forth from nerve endings to synapses firing in different regions of the brain. And that an ‘experience’ or ‘memory’ can not be localized in one specific region of the brain. Neuroplasticity theorizes that the brain is continually making new connections and building new neural networks. Various functions are not located in specific regions of the brain. In the process of formulating new thoughts or tasks, the brain creates convoluted neural networks spanning different lobes, encoded across different regions, depending on the different associations that are being built in the process.

This article by Larry Dossey, MD “Why Consciousness is Not the Brain” states “…if consciousness is indeed identical with the brain – the curtain closes on premonitions. The reason is that the brain is a local phenomenon – i.e., it is localized to the brain and body, and to the present. This prohibits premonitions in principle, because accordingly the brain cannot operate outside the body and the here-and-now. But consciousness can operate beyond the brain, body, and the present, as hundreds of experiments and millions of testimonials affirm. Consciousness cannot, therefore, be identical with the brain.”

I made the analogy that just as thinking is a continuous feedback process within the whole (throughout the body and mind, together with all of the ideas that have intercepted our awareness) that perhaps consciousness itself, is not something localized in one area (the brain), but an integral part of a larger neural connected energetic fabric of all life.

Okay, I said it. But check this out. I interpreted what I read about epigenetics to imply, if I may be so bold, that it is more the emotional nature of an experience that specifically influences a chemical concoction to affect the way the genetic code plays out. Nurture affecting Nature.

Human Heart

Human Heart

In light of this, an additional article rolled into my awareness, “The Effects of Negative Emotions on Our HealthVoila! The author articulates that “Humans experience an array of emotions, anything from happiness to sadness, to extreme joy or depression. Each of these emotional states create different feelings within the body, with our body releasing different chemicals in conjunction with these feelings. Each chemical produces a different environment within the body. The brain releases serotonin, dopamine or oxytocin in association with experiences that elicit happiness and joy and cortisol, for example, in association with stress. The author’s point is that with respect to the mind-body connection, the brain is a very powerful tool indeed, that basically interprets and judges situations to be positive or negative and that your mind can have a profound physical impact on your body. Careful what you think !-) But more than that, careful about how you emotionally respond to any given situation!

Essentially, the plethora of psychologists, therapists, yoga teachers and spiritual guides all have this insight in common: focus on appreciation and gratitude and contentment in the present moment, rather than focusing on what you fear

Mahatma Gandhi, man is product of his thoughts

A man is but the product of his thoughts, what he thinks, he becomes. Mahatma Gandhi

…Our emotions and experiences are essentially energy that is communicated through chemical and electrical processes, which is stored in the cellular memory of our bodies.

This ‘re minded’ me of the beliefs … “The indigenous people are certain that not only is all past information of the universe stored in our bodies, but that we are constantly provided with new information from the Cosmos.”

Eureka dude! As I was preparing to fuse together this information in an amendment to my earlier blog, https://digesthis.wordpress.com/2010/01/11/hitch-a-bout-ventures-a-journey-in-space-and-time/ these additional puzzle pieces synchronistically kept tumbling in, to fuse and ignite this new insight.

synchronicity, Carl Jung, acausal events

the Psychologist Carl Jung’s term synchronicity describes events occurring with no causal connection

On December 13th, 2014, I ‘synchronistically‘ clicked on this video: “The Heart’s Intuitive Intelligence: A path to personal, social an global coherence

Institute of HeartMath connecting hearts and minds

Institute of HeartMath connecting hearts and minds

Doc Childre is the founder of The institute of HeartMath. It’s a measured fact that the strength of the magnetic field projected by the heart is much stronger than that of the brain. This field can expand or contract, correspondingly with love or fear. The heart has a large number of neurons. It’s an intelligent muscle.

Human Heart's Magnetic Field expands and contracts

Human Heart’s Magnetic Field expands and contracts

Their emphasis is on learning how to activate and sustain a coherence between the heart and brain. This synergy or coherence can be achieved through entraining the breath and attention to the heart, allowing a person to hone in to the heart’s intuitive intelligence. This can expand to entrain one’s heart to others, to achieve a social coherence. “A collective opening of the heart increases the social and subsequently global coherence.” The group has initiated a global coherence monitoring system in which they’re performing a study with 17 magnetic sensors distributed throughout the planet. These large devices are measuring resonances.

Childre mentions that a feedback loop exists within an individual’s mind – body and between humans and all species and the earth’s energetic systems.

feedback loop between humans and earths energetic systems

feedback loop between humans and earths energetic systems

Global Coherence Initiative

Global Coherence Initiative

The theory is that not only does earth’s magnetic field affects humans, but humans as a collective, affect the earth’s field.

Doc Childre, HeartMath

Doc Childre HeartMath

In this article “7 Amazing facts about the heart’s control of the brain” Dr. Joel K. Kahn describes how the heart communicates to the brain and the body in four ways: 1) nervous system connections, 2) hormones produced in the heart itself, 3) biomechanical information via blood pressure waves, and 4) energetic information from the strong electrical and electromagnetic fields.

Assembling the points I’ve gathered, I conjecture: as below, so above. DNA strands within each cell contain all of the genetic information of the entire body (with some genes activated and others not depending on that particular cell). This reveals a sort of holographic principle, similar to what some physicists theorize about how the universe is structured as well as neurologists regarding how the brain maps information.

The holonomic brain theory, developed by neuroscientist Karl Pribram initially in collaboration with physicist David Bohm, is a model of human cognition that describes the brain as a holographic storage network.

A holographic paradigm in which all information is present in each part (everywhere – at all times) would explain intuition, precognition, psychic awareness, simultaneous scientific discoveries and so forth.

Jeremy Narby is a French Canadian Anthropologist who lived among Indigenous peoples of the Amazon. He wrote a non-fiction book about his research: The Cosmic Serpent: DNA and the Origins of Knowledge He discovered ancient symbols depicting the mythology of the Indigenous people he lived among replicating the fundamental structure of life itself, the spiraling deoxyribonucleic acid DNA; something scientists of the developed world have only begun to discern in the last half century. His later book, Intelligence in Nature: An Inquiry into Knowledge demonstrates his conclusions. Intelligence is not a hierarchical model in which humans are on the top. This link above reviewing Narby’s book: “Narby’s passion is to rethink the meaning of intelligence as a human property and give up the reductionist/materialist view of Western science. In its place, he adopts the Japanese word “chi-sei”, roughly defined as a knowingness that allows for decision-making at all levels of life.”

He points out in a speech given at a Bioneers conference in 2005 that Homo Sapiens have been around only 200,000 years – 10,000 biological generations – which for a species is next to nothing. The Jaguar and Octopus species have been around way longer than humans; the Octopus for 350,000 Million years!

Numerous studies demonstrate intelligence and abstract thinking throughout not only the animal kingdom, but also among insects and yes, even plants. Molecular genetics of the 1990’s reveal that plants have receptors. Plants can assimilate information and respond on the whole plant level, using electrical signals that involve sensing a wide range of variables and computing complex decisions.

In his book The Cosmic Serpent, Narby takes a serious look at how neurogenetic consciousness informs awareness, knowledge, symbolism and culture. His anthropological study, ayahuasca experience and scientific speculations weave a tale of shamans who bring their consciousness down to molecular levels with sophisticated neurotransmitter potions in order to perceive information contained in the coherent visible light emitted by DNA.

He notes an ayahuasquero Pablo Amaringo saying: “A plant may not talk, but there is a spirit in it that is conscious, that sees everything, which is the soul of the plant, its essence, what makes it alive.”

In their visions, shamans take their consciousness down to the molecular level and gain access to information related to DNA, which they call “animate essences” or “spirits.”

Intelligent design within.

DNA molecule, Narby, Cosmic Serpent

diagram of the DNA molecule in Narby’s the Cosmic Serpent

Each DNA molecule has been packaged into a Mitotic Chromosome that is 50,000 X shorter than its extended length.

Science is now affirming a view long held by Shamans of the indigenous people: that the entire edifice of life from top to bottom is ‘shot through with intelligence’. In fact the evolutionary process itself may be intelligent.

Evolution may be guided by an intelligence within, as opposed to blind chance or an intelligence from above.

Back full circle to the fact that many living systems are structured in the Fibonacci Sequence as I wrote about in an alternative blog https://carolkeiter.wordpress.com/2011/04/14/holograms-of-meaning-consciousness-frequency-shift/, my theory is that this is the form which allows for the holographic pattern of information to be distributed.

mathematical, Fibonacci Sequence

Mathematical diagram of Fibonacci Sequence class of Toni

Perhaps indeed, the pinnacle of intelligence is within the smallest constituents; the motion of energy that manifests as matter.

The HeartMath understanding is that entraining the heart with the brain and with other individuals is a synergistic process, in which the individual parts work together to produce an effect larger than the sum of the parts. Perhaps the import of emotions and the intuitive intelligence of the heart is something that essentially is an energetic phenomenon at the electromagnet level; with this electromagnetic information tuned to a feeling vibration of the heart that permeates the universe through a network of Fibonacci spacetime, in a holographic way; passing through spacetime instantly.

graphic of a wormhole

graphic of a wormhole describing a spacial fabric of space

Narby states that “Our predation (human beings as the top predator) is ‘souped up’ through knowledge, ideas and technology. Yet, we need to understand that we are animals among other intelligent species. We truly need to get a grip on our sciences and industries. Intelligent predators do not degrade the world in which they live, but live in harmony with it.

¡This would represent intelligent evolution!

HeartMath and the Global Coherence Initiative state that ultimately, ‘heart-based living’, involves taking responsibility for your own energy; the thoughts, feelings and attitudes that you are feeding into the field every day.

…energy flows where attention goes…

Wayne Dyer, attract what i am, not what i want

I will attract what I am, not what I want. Wayne Dyer

• Epigenetics – emotional experiences affecting genetic heredity.
• Emotions and experiences stored through chemical and electrical processes at the cellular level.
• Indigenous Americans: All past information of the cosmos is stored in our body, and we are receiving information continually from the cosmos.
• Our heart has a substantially larger electromagnetic field than the brain – 60 times greater in amplitude.
• Joel K. Kahn MD: More information is sent from the heart to the brain on a daily basis, than vice versa.
• Doc Childre: a feedback loop exists within an individual’s mind – body and between humans and all species and the earth’s energetic systems.
• Larry Dossey MD: Consciousness can operate beyond the brain, body and the present, therefore consciousness cannot be localized to the brain.
• Neuroscientist Karl Pribram and Physicist David Bohm: Holonomic brain theory is a model of human cognition describing the brain as a holographic storage network.
• Physicists have mathematically described the universe as a hologram, in which every part of stored information is distributed throughout the entire hologram.
• Each cell within the body, regardless of its form or function, contains a complete set of DNA: the same DNA code (blueprint of life) as is found in every other cell in a person’s body.
• Jeremy Narby: There is conclusive evidence among heralded scientists worldwide, implying the same conclusions that have been a part of the indigenous folklore for millennia; that intelligence permeates all species and basically ALL of the natural world.

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Here’s Carol Keiter the blogger in the crowd (with camera, looking up at the screen) during the Imagine event presented by Yoko Ono at Times Square on 12.21.12 during the Make Music New York Winter Solstice festival.

Carol Keiter the blogger (with camera, looking up at the screen) during the Imagine event created by Yoko Ono at Times Square on 12.21.12 during the Make Music New York Winter Solstice festival

Carol Keiter the blogger (with camera, looking up at the screen) during the Imagine event created by Yoko Ono at Times Square on 12.21.12 during the Make Music New York Winter Solstice festival

Final metamorphosis of the ‘eBook Trailer’ for “Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion”

In fact, it is continually being revised! Here’s the sneak preview of my eBook, of which the best prospective readers are more than likely the cyber charter – online schools – and home-schooling groups!

“Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion”

I’d say it has reached its final metamorphosis! Basically, other facets of ‘life’ got in the way !-))

http://spinonmatter.carbonmade.com/projects/4800092#1

Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion trailer thumbnails

Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion trailer thumbnails

Thanks to http://carbonmade.com for making it quite simple to build and display, for free!!

Announcement of my soon to be released eBook

I intend to release my first book around the summer solstice, June 21st.

“Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion”

Due to having not a ‘low’, but ‘no’ budget ‘-) I’ll produce an eBook prior to the first print edition. Besides writing, illustrating and composing music for the digital version, I’m publishing and marketing it too; using iBook Author, Smashwords as well as (kdp) Kindle of Amazon, so that it can be read on whatever platform or device the reader prefers. I’ll also do a voice-over for an audio-book version. The print will be POD ‘print on demand’ for starters. It’s all new terrain and the whole process is a learning experience, about which I’ll be happy to share any information!

Below is an ‘inside/back cover’ summary about what the book entails! I’m open to any suggestions, yet particularly I’d love to hear about any venues (book stores/cafes in your area) which you recommend for me to contact to set up ‘readings’. Once I schedule dates at various locations, I’ll map out a tour. I’m always up for traveling and talking with people! From early on, I anticipated creating versions in French, Spanish and German, especially on the digital platform. This would give the reader the option to read the same content in another language as a learning tool. I’m conversant in these and love learning languages. Since I’m not fluent, I’ll naturally need editors who are native speakers. rain_shadow_blk_wh

dna_transformed_up
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“Adora & Vitali: A Spin on the Matter of Motion” is a spiritual quest imbued with scientific concepts. It is woven throughout with parcels of information relevant to the phenomena that emerge in the story itself. It is specifically designed to inspire curiosity and evoke within the reader the desire to learn more about the fascinating nature of our universe.

A children’s book for adults or classroom textbook embedded within a tale, it has approximately 80 illustrations throughout (black & white as well as color): from scientific diagrams and charts to character and fantasy images. Interwoven throughout are about 120 (and counting) active links; a ‘live’ bibliography that not only substantiates the facts but gives the reader a means to explore in more depth each of the subjects covered.

The tale involves a young woman named Adora, who after learning of a place which enchants her because of its mysterious qualities, decides to journey there. The place not only has almost no gravity, which is extraordinary in itself, but the people residing there have exceptional qualities of mind and spirt. None are capable of lying – they are sentient beings able to telepathically read each others’ minds. A utopian, transparent world, where only truth and honesty exist; in which intentions are transmitted through love. To reach her destination, she is instructed to follow the magnetic lines. The book is a journey to this place with its supernatural characteristics, distilled with information revealing how this theoretically ‘could’ occur. For example, successive natural phenomena were triggered as a result of accelerated global warming.

Besides reading the book sequentially, it is designed as a reference tool in which one can jump from one topic to another; each covered on its unique page. The book is geared for curious readers from adolescent on; for students, science or science fantasy enthusiasts, or those curious about spirituality and consciousness. Generally, those intrigued with adventures into the unknown. Besides being a tale infused with symbolism and mystery (“Adora” means “love” and “Vitali” means “life”), it is a multimedia ‘expeditionary learning platform’, which peers into the phenomena of nature from the microscopic world of subatomic physics to the cosmic, including a smorgasbord of other topics from biology, to geology, chemistry and more, displaying how extraordinary ‘our’ world is. As the title suggests, among other phenomena in the natural world, the book strives to build an appreciation and understanding of the integral role that electromagnetism plays in all of life as well as the communication of love.

with love,
carolkeiter@gmail.com